The Industry in Sudan
Sudan had witnessed great movement on the industrial investment recently from the local investors or from foreigners and that’s due to the provision of the industry factors in Sudan represented in raw materials, trained labor force, engineers, and technicians, long extended experiments, researches and consultation centers. Local consumption market, neighboring countries requiring Sudan industrial products. The industry investment had reached to 49% of foreign investment in Sudan in 2006.
The transformation from traditional to modern industries in Sudan:
The first military government period particularly (1959-1962) consider the period of transformation from the manual traditional industry to the modern one in Sudan. As Sudan had known the manual industry since the first kingdoms, then it was developed in both the Turkish era (1821-1889), and in the condominium period. The traditional industry includes: Furniture, Utensils, and traditional agricultural tools. Also, the first military government had witnessed the establishment of modern industries which begins by textile , food industries , sugar , soap , oils , since then the industry in Sudan had started until it reach to the heavy industry in the salvation era (Motors , ) and Metal industry in Giad industrial city , military manufacturing , electronics via Saria industrial complex and other industries .
Main Industrial Sectors:
1. Oil Industry :
The Sudan production of oil had increased from 114,000 ton in 2002 to 140,000 ton in 2006.
2. Seeds flour mill :
Covers Sudan needs from flour; the production of flour has increased from 840,000 ton in 2002 to 1.2,000 ton in 2006.
3. Soap Industry :
The production is 100,000 of cleaning soap and 5,000 ton of industrial cleaners, Sudan production of soap had increased from 75,000 ton in 2002 to 95,000 ton in 2005, then backward to 75,000 ton in 2006.
4. Sugar Industry :
There are five sugar factories working with 750,000 ton energy , the six one is under completion. The production of sugar in 2002 was 696,000 ton and increased to 730,000 ton in 2006.
5. Weaving and Textile sector :
Its designed energy is 100,000 ton of the state needs, but is suffer many problems. The production of textile had increased from 15,000,000 to 28,000,000 in 2006.
6. Leather Industry :
There are four big tanneries and four medium one. The provided energy is 2,000,000 of big leather, and 13,000,000 of small leather. There are also hundreds of traditional tanneries. The production of leather had increased from 8,000,000 pieces in 2002 to 9.4,000,000 pieces in 2006.
The industry of shoe: with energy (17.3), 000,000 leather shoe, and (100), 000 of plastic shoe.
The Cement Sector:
Atbara cement factory is working with 255,000 ton energy in the year. Rabk factory in the White Nile state is working with 100,000 energy, the state established tow new factories in both Nile and Northern States with 3.5,000 ton, and the production had increased from 210,000 ton in 2002 to 227,000 in 2006. Atbara factory production is expected to begin in the middle of 2008.
Motors industry and Metal industry:
Giad Industrial City Includes:
• Seven factories for motors, trucks, various agricultural machines, and other minerals industry.
• Al Akadabi Company for tankers.
• Metal company for metal works.
• Ban Gulf company for iron works (
• Motors exhaust company.
• The Syrian company
• The Sudanese Malaysian company.
Giad Industrial Complex:
• Plumbing and manufacturing of …. Sector :
• The electronic industry: Saria Industrial Complex produces, colored, black and white TVs with energy 150,000 devices in the year, radios with energy 30,000 devices in the year in addition to electric equipment.
• The drugs industry sector: there are more than 20 companies working in the state produced 70% of the local needs.
• Food industry: includes, juices, biscuits, sweets, and jams.
• Other industries, Tobacco, Battery, Paints, match, and Refrigerators.
Efforts of developing industry in Sudan:
The objectives of Strategy:
The strategy of developing industry since 1996 had targeted the following:
• To increase the contribution of the transformation industry in the Gross National Product (GNP) from 8% to 18%.
• To increase the contribution of the transformation industry in the general revenues of federal government from 29% to 36%.
• To reach to higher levels in operating the idle production energy and operating the industry.